Current affair diary 10/1/2021

Subject : Environment

Gangetic Dolphin

√A video of a group of men and boys in Uttar Pradesh’s Pratapgarh district beating to death a Gangetic river dolphin surfaced on social media recently.

√IUCN status: Endangered

√ The Gangetic River Dolphin is recognised as the National Aquatic Animal of India.

√Scientific Name: Platanista gangetica

√These are generally blind.

√They catch their prey by emitting an ultrasonic sound which reaches the prey.

√These are also called Susu.

√It is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems and in the Ganga’s tributaries.

√Threats: Construction of dams, Pollution, excessive silting and sand mining.

√It is the official animal of the Guwahati, Assam.

√They are included in Appendix I (most endangered) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species(CITES).

√They are also included in Appendix II of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).

?focus area for prelims 2021:
IUCN status and other characteristics

#GALLANT IAS

28/01/2021
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