✓ Kesavananda Bharti, the head seer of Edneer Mutt in Kerala since 1961 passed away. ✓He was famous for initiating the historic judgement of Supreme Court that “Basic Structure of Constitution” cannot be amended by the Parliament.
✓The Kerala Government had passed a land law with an objective to distribute land to the landless farmers. ✓Kesavananda Bharti challenged the Kerala Government in 1970 on this Kerala land reforms legislation. ✓He contended that the land reforms passed by the Kerala Government will impose restrictions on management of the mutt property that was the only source of income.
✓The petition filed by Bharati challenged three Constitutional Amendments 24, 25 and 29 that were passed by the Indira Gandhi Government to give power to the Parliament to change the fundamental rights. According to Bharti, the amendments breached his fundamental rights
✓Till the Kesavanada Bharati case, there was no such reference called the basic structure of the constitution. ✓The case of Kesavananda Bharti Vs the State of Kerala was heard for 68 days and brought out the basic structure. ✓The court, however, did not define the basic structure. It only listed a few principles such as secularism, federalism, and democracy.