Current affair diary 7/1/2021

Subject: Science and technology.

Avian Influenza

√Avian Influenza has been reported from the following States (at 12 epicentre): (1) Rajasthan(crow); (2) Madhya Pradesh(crow); (3) Himachal Pradesh (migratory birds); (4) Kerala (poultry-duck)

√Caused by: Avian (bird) influenza (flu) Type A viruses.

√These viruses occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can infect domestic poultry and other bird and animal species.

√Avian flu viruses do not normally infect humans.

√Avian Influenza (AI) viruses have been circulating worldwide for centuries with four known major outbreaks recorded in the last century.

√India notified the first outbreak of avian influenza in 2006.

√Infection in humans is not yet reported in India though the disease is zoonotic.

√There is no direct evidence that AI viruses can be transmitted to humans via the consumption of contaminated poultry products.

√In India, the disease spreads mainly by migratory birds coming into India during winter months i.e. from September – October to February – March.

√The secondary spread by human handling (through fomites) may also be possible.

? focus area for prelims 2021:
AI is caused by and it’s characteristics



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