SECTION A MODERN INDIA
1. EUROPEAN PENETRATION INTO INDIA:
The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey.
2. BRITISH EXPANSION IN INDIA:
Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.
3. EARLY STRUCTURE OF THE BRITISH RAJ:
- The early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India
- Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833); The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;
- The English utilitarian and India.
4. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE:
Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.
Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.
5. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS:
The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of science; Christian missionary activities in India.
6. SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS IN BENGAL AND OTHER AREAS:
Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriage etc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.
7. INDIAN RESPONSE TO BRITISH RULE:
Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899 –1900);
The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin,character, causes of failure, the consequences; The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.
8. FACTORS LEADING TO THE BIRTH OF INDIAN NATIONALISM; POLITICS OF ASSOCIATION; THE FOUNDATION OF THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS;
The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderates and Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India.
9. RISE OF GANDHI;
Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement; the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the Round Table Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and Working-class movements; Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries; Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission.
10. CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE COLONIAL INDIA BETWEEN 1858 AND 1935.
11. OTHER STRANDS IN THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT.
- The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.
- The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
12. POLITICS OF SEPARATISM;
The Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.
13. CONSOLIDATION AS A NATION; NEHRU’S FOREIGN POLICY; INDIA AND HER NEIGHBOURS (1947-1964);
The linguistic reorganization of States (1935-1947); Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the Question of National Language.
14. CASTE AND ETHNICITY AFTER 1947;
Backward castes and tribes in postcolonial electoral politics; Dalit movements.
15. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL CHANGE;
Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post – colonial India; Progress of science.
SECTION B WORLD HISTORY
1. ENLIGHTENMENT AND MODERN IDEAS:
- Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau
- Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies
- Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism.
2. ORIGINS OF MODERN POLITICS:
- European States System.
- American Revolution and the Constitution.
- French revolution and aftermath, 17891815.
- American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery.
- British Democratic Politics, 18151850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, Chartists.
- English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society
- Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan
- Industrialization and Globalization.
4. NATION-STATE SYSTEM:
- Rise of Nationalism in 19th century
- Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy
- Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world.
5. IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM:
- South and South-East Asia
- Latin America and South Africa
- Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.
6. REVOLUTION AND COUNTER-REVOLUTION:
- 19th Century European revolutions
- The Russian Revolution of 19171921
- Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.
- The Chinese Revolution of 1949
7. WORLD WARS:
- 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications
- World War I: Causes and consequences
- World War II: Causes and consequence
8. THE WORLD AFTER WORLD WAR II:
- Emergence of two power blocs
- Emergence of Third World and non-alignment
- UNO and the global disputes.
9. LIBERATION FROM COLONIAL RULE:
- Latin America-Bolivar
- Arab World-Egypt
- Africa-Apartheid to Democracy
- South-East Asia-Vietnam
10. DECOLONIZATION AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT:
Factors constraining development: Latin America, Africa
11. UNIFICATION OF EUROPE:
- Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community
- Consolidation and Expansion of European Community
- European Union.
12. DISINTEGRATION OF SOVIET UNION AND THE RISE OF THE UNIPOLAR WORLD:
- Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991
- Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001.
- End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower.