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Mycobacterium leprae | Daily Current Affairs 2023


✍Context: A group of researchers have found that armadillo livers grew substantially when infected with Mycobacterium leprae.

👉Bacteria of the chronic infectious disease reprogrammed certain cells into ‘stem-like cells’

👉Significance: Leprosy has long been associated with a life of ostracism. However, the bacteria causing this debilitating disease may offer some hope on the regenerative medicine horizon.

✍Leprosy: Also known as Hansen’s disease (HD), it is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.

👉Infection can lead to damage to the nerves, respiratory tract, skin and eyes.

👉Though not very contagious, leprosy is spread by extensive contact between people and is cured with multidrug therapy.

👉Armadillos are mammals with their back, head, legs and tail covered in bony plates. They got the name from their unique look, which translated from Spanish means ‘little armoured one’.

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