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World Heritage Glacier | Daily Current Affairs 2023

GS III

🔸Context: Recently, UNESCO and IUCN released this report, which outlines 50 world heritage sites and provides suggestions for their protection.

✍World Heritage glaciers cover almost 10% of the Earth’s glacierized area and play a crucial role in sustaining life on Earth. However, they are retreating at an accelerated rate because of climate change. E.g. of world heritage glaciers:

👉Dolomites of Italy and on Tanzania’s Mount Kilimanjaro, as well as the world’s highest glaciers (near Mt. Everest) and the longest glacier (located in Alaska

👉Key observations: •A third of the glaciers on the UNESCO World Heritage list is under threat, regardless of efforts to limit temperature increases.

✍•Glaciers have been retreating at an accelerated rate since 2000 due to CO2 emissions, which are warming temperatures – and are responsible for nearly 5% of observed global sea level rise.

👉It was still possible to save the other two-thirds if the rise in global temperatures did not exceed 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial era. Suggestions: •Urgently need to cut greenhouse gas emissions and invest in nature-based solutions, which can help mitigate climate change and allow people to better adapt to its impacts

09/01/2023
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