Subject : Environment
√A video of a group of men and boys in Uttar Pradesh’s Pratapgarh district beating to death a Gangetic river dolphin surfaced on social media recently.
√IUCN status: Endangered
√ The Gangetic River Dolphin is recognised as the National Aquatic Animal of India.
√Scientific Name: Platanista gangetica
√These are generally blind.
√They catch their prey by emitting an ultrasonic sound which reaches the prey.
√These are also called Susu.
√It is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems and in the Ganga’s tributaries.
√Threats: Construction of dams, Pollution, excessive silting and sand mining.
√It is the official animal of the Guwahati, Assam.
√They are included in Appendix I (most endangered) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species(CITES).
√They are also included in Appendix II of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).
?focus area for prelims 2021:
IUCN status and other characteristics