Current Affair Diary 16/10/2020

United Nations Human Rights Council.

✓Recently Pakistan was re-elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council.

✓Pakistan is currently serving on the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) since 1st January, 2018.

✓With its re-election, Pakistan will continue as a member for another three-year term starting from 1st January, 2021.

✓This is the fifth time that Pakistan has been elected to the UNHRC.

✓A total of 15 countries were elected to the 47-nation council.

✓Russia and Cuba were elected unopposed.

✓Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Nepal and China were elected from the Asia-Pacific region.

✓The Council was created through the resolution 60/251.

✓Established in: 2006.

✓Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland

✓Aim: (1) To Promote and protect human rights around the globe; (2) To investigate alleged human rights violations.

✓Features: The UNHRC has 47 members elected for three-year terms on a regional group basis from 5 groups.

✓Membership: To become a member, a country must receive the votes of at least 96 of the 191 states of the UN General Assembly (an absolute majority).

✓Members are elected directly by secret ballot by the majority of the UN General Assembly.

✓Five regional groups for membership: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Western Europe and Eastern Europe.

✓The members are elected for a period of three years, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.

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29/10/2020
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