United Nations Human Rights Council.
✓Recently Pakistan was re-elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council.
✓Pakistan is currently serving on the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) since 1st January, 2018.
✓With its re-election, Pakistan will continue as a member for another three-year term starting from 1st January, 2021.
✓This is the fifth time that Pakistan has been elected to the UNHRC.
✓A total of 15 countries were elected to the 47-nation council.
✓Russia and Cuba were elected unopposed.
✓Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Nepal and China were elected from the Asia-Pacific region.
✓The Council was created through the resolution 60/251.
✓Established in: 2006.
✓Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
✓Aim: (1) To Promote and protect human rights around the globe; (2) To investigate alleged human rights violations.
✓Features: The UNHRC has 47 members elected for three-year terms on a regional group basis from 5 groups.
✓Membership: To become a member, a country must receive the votes of at least 96 of the 191 states of the UN General Assembly (an absolute majority).
✓Members are elected directly by secret ballot by the majority of the UN General Assembly.
✓Five regional groups for membership: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Western Europe and Eastern Europe.
✓The members are elected for a period of three years, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.
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