Subject: Science and technology
√Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare recently reviewed the status of the disease Kala-Azar in the four states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
√A disease caused by infection with leishmania parasites.
√Visceral leishmaniasis is spread by sandfly bites.
√This type of leishmaniasis affects the internal organs, usually the spleen, liver and bone marrow
√symptoms may include fever, weight loss and swelling of the spleen or liver.
√Medication exists to kill the parasites.
√Kala Azar is the 2nd largest parasitic killer in the world after Malaria.
?focus area for prelims 2021:
Kala azar and vector