Subject: Economy, Science and technology
India Innovation Index
*NITI Aayog, along with the Institute for Competitiveness released the second edition of the India Innovation Index.
*The first edition of the index was launched in October 2019.
*The India Innovation Index 2020 examines the innovation capabilities and performance of the states and union territories.
*Toppers in ‘Major States’ category: (1) Karnataka; (2) Maharashtra; (3) Tamil Nadu
*Four southern states—Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Kerala—occupied the top five spots under the ‘Major States’ category this year.
*Overall, Delhi retained its first rank, while Chandigarh landed in the second place this year.
*Under the ‘North-Eastern/Hill States’ category: Himachal Pradesh moved up from the second position to emerge as the top ranker this year.
*The innovation inputs were measured through five enabler parameters, and the output through two performance parameters.
*Enabler parameters: ‘Human Capital’, ‘Investment’, ‘Knowledge Workers’, ‘Business Environment’, ‘Safety and Legal Environment’
*Performance parameters: ‘Knowledge Output’ and ‘Knowledge Diffusion’
?focus area for prelims 2021:
√Index published by
√Top states and UTs