Kaziranga National Park
✓Kaziranga park set to be expanded by 3,053 hectares
The Assam Government recently added 3,053 hectares (884 sq km) to Kaziranga National Park.
✓ Kaziranga is home to Asiatic one-horned rhinos. The additions will connect the park with Karbi Anglong hills and Nameri National Park.
✓The Kaziranga National Park hosts two-thirds of world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. ✓It is a world heritage site.
✓ It was declared a national park in 1974. It was declared a tiger reserve in 2007.
✓The IUCN status of one-horned rhinos is “Vulnerable”. It was updated from “threatened” in April 2020.
✓The Rhino census of Kaziranga National Park was held in 2018. The numbers counted were 2,413. This has increased by 15 as compared to that of 2015.
✓The wetland bird count was held in January 2020 in the park. There are total of 19,225 birds belonging to 96 species.
✓There are 103 tigers in the ark and is the third highest tiger population after Jim Corbett National Park (215) and Bandipur National Park (120).
✓Three Species of Rhinos
The three species of Rhinos other than the One-Horn Rhinos that are “Critically Endangered” according to IUCN Red List of Threatened species are Black Rhinos, Sumatran rhinos and Javan Rhinos. Recently, the Sumatran Rhinos became extinct in Malaysia.
✓India Rhino Vision 2020
It was launched in 2005. It is an ambitious project that was launched to attain wild population of rhinos to at least 3,000. This is to be achieved in at least seven protected areas.
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