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Current Affair Diary 7/10/2020

Nobel Prize For Medicine Or Physiology 2020

✓Americans Harvey J Alter and Charles M Rice, and British scientist Michael Houghton were chosen for the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus.

✓Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

✓It is a small (55–65 nm in size), enveloped, positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus

✓Family: Flaviviridae.

✓It is the cause of hepatitis C and some cancers such as liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, abbreviated HCC) and lymphomas in humans.

✓Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection

✓The World Health Organisation estimates there are over 70 million cases of hepatitis worldwide and 400,000 deaths each year. The disease is chronic and a major cause of liver inflammation and cancer.


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