Subject: Art and culture
‘New Anubhava Mantapa’:
√Karnataka Chief Minister laid the foundation stone for the ‘New Anubhava Mantapa’ in Basavakalyan, the place where 12th century poet-philosopher Basavanna lived for most of his life.
√The project will showcase the 12th Century Anubhava Mantapa (often referred to as the “first Parliament of the world”) established by him in Basavakalyan, where philosophers and social reformers held debates.
√The building will adopt the Kalyana Chalukya style of architecture.
√ Basavanna was a 12th-century philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka,
√Basavanna spread social awareness through his poetry, popularly known as Vachanaas.
√Basavanna rejected gender or social discrimination, superstitions and rituals.
√ He introduced new public institutions such as the Anubhava Mantapa (or, the “hall of spiritual experience”), which welcomed men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to discuss spiritual and mundane questions of life, in open.
√He developed and inspired a new devotional movement named Virashaivas, or “ardent, heroic worshippers of Shiva”.
√ Basava championed devotional worship that rejected temple worship and rituals led by Brahmins, and replaced it with personalized direct worship of Shiva through practices such as individually worn icons and symbols like a small linga.
?focus area for prelims 2021:
√Basaveswara and his reforms
√Kalyana chalukya style
√ Anubhava Mantapa