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|SYLLABUS AND PYQ INTRODUCTION||SINGLE||22-10-2018||9AM-11AM|
|MODULE-1||EUROPEAN PENETRATION INTO INDIA:|
Ø The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey & DAWP
|MODULE-2||BRITISH EXPANSION IN INDIA:|
Ø Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab. & DAWP
|MODULE-3||EARLY STRUCTURE OF THE BRITISH RAJ:|
Ø The early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India
Ø Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833); The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;
Ø The English utilitarian and India & DAWP
|MODULE-4||ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE:|
Ø Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.
Ø Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations & DAWP
|MODULE-5||SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS:|
Ø The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of science; Christian missionary activities in India & DAWP
|MODULE-6||SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS IN BENGAL AND OTHER AREAS:|
Ø Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriage etc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements & DAWP
|MODULE-7||INDIAN RESPONSE TO BRITISH RULE:|
Ø Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899 –1900);
Ø The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, character, causes of failure, the consequences; the shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s & DAWP
|MODULE-8||FACTORS LEADING TO THE BIRTH OF INDIAN NATIONALISM; POLITICS OF ASSOCIATION; THE FOUNDATION OF THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS;|
The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderates and Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India & DAWP
|MODULE-9||RISE OF GANDHI; & DAWP|
Ø Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement; the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the Round Table Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and Working-class movements; Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries; Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission.
|MODULE-10||CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE COLONIAL INDIA BETWEEN 1858 AND 1935; & DAWP||PART-1|
|MODULE-11||OTHER STRANDS IN THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT; & DAWP|
Ø The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.
Ø The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
|MODULE-12||POLITICS OF SEPARATISM; & DAWP|
Ø The Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.
|MODULE-13||CONSOLIDATION AS A NATION; NEHRU’S FOREIGN POLICY; INDIA AND HER NEIGHBOURS (1947-1964); & DAWP|
Ø The linguistic reorganization of States (1935-1947); Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the Question of National Language.
|MODULE-14||CASTE AND ETHNICITY AFTER 1947; & DAWP|
Backward castes and tribes in postcolonial electoral politics; Dalit movements.
|MODULE-15||ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL CHANGE; & DAWP|
Ø Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post – colonial India; Progress of science.
|MODULE-16||ENLIGHTENMENT AND MODERN IDEAS: & DAWP|
Ø Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau
Ø Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies
Ø Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism.
|MODULE-17||ORIGINS OF MODERN POLITICS: & DAWP|
Ø European States System.
Ø American Revolution and the Constitution.
Ø French revolution and aftermath, 17891815.
Ø American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery.
Ø British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, Chartists.
|MODULE-18||INDUSTRIALIZATION: & DAWP|
Ø English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society
Ø Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan
Ø Industrialization and Globalization.
|MODULE-19||NATION-STATE SYSTEM: & DAWP|
Ø Rise of Nationalism in 19th century
Ø Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy
Ø Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world.
|MODULE-20||IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM: & DAWP|
Ø South and South-East Asia
Ø Latin America and South Africa
Ø Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.
|MODULE-21||REVOLUTION AND COUNTER-REVOLUTION: & DAWP|
Ø 19th Century European revolutions
Ø The Russian Revolution of 19171921
Ø Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.
Ø The Chinese Revolution of 1949
|MODULE-22||WORLD WARS: & DAWP|
Ø 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications
Ø World War I: Causes and consequences
Ø World War II: Causes and consequence
|MODULE-23||THE WORLD AFTER WORLD WAR II: & DAWP|
Ø Emergence of two power blocs
Ø Emergence of Third World and non-alignment
Ø UNO and the global disputes.
|MODULE-24||LIBERATION FROM COLONIAL RULE: & DAWP|
Ø Latin America-Bolivar
Ø Arab World-Egypt
Ø Africa-Apartheid to Democracy
Ø South-East Asia-Vietnam
|MODULE-25||DECOLONIZATION AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT: & DAWP|
Factors constraining development: Latin America, Africa
|MODULE-26||UNIFICATION OF EUROPE: & DAWP|
Ø Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community
Ø Consolidation and Expansion of European Community
Ø European Union.
|MODULE-27||DISINTEGRATION OF SOVIET UNION AND THE RISE OF THE UNIPOLAR WORLD: & DAWP|
Ø Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991
Ø Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001.
Ø End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower.
|MODULE-1||SOURCES: & DAWP|
Ø Archaeological sources:
Ø Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments
Ø Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature.
Ø Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
|MODULE-2||PRE-HISTORY AND PROTO-HISTORY: & DAWP|
Ø Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (Palaeolithic and Mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (Neolithic and chalcolithic)
|MODULE-3||INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION: & DAWP|
Ø Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.
|MODULE-4||MEGALITHIC CULTURES: & DAWP|
Ø Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.
|MODULE-5||ARYANS AND VEDIC PERIOD: & DAWP|
Ø Expansions of Aryans in India.
Ø Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economic life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
|MODULE-6||PERIOD OF MAHAJANAPADAS: & DAWP|
Ø Formation of States (Mahajanapada): Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas.
Ø Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
|MODULE-7||MAURYAN EMPIRE: & DAWP|
Ø Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art, architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature.
Ø Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.
|MODULE-8||POST – MAURYAN PERIOD (INDO-GREEKS, SAKAS, KUSHANAS, WESTERN KSHATRAPAS): & DAWP|
Ø Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.
|MODULE-9||EARLY STATE AND SOCIETY IN EASTERN INDIA, DECCAN AND SOUTH INDIA: & DAWP|
Ø Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration, economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.
|MODULE-10||GUPTAS, VAKATAKAS AND VARDHANAS: & DAWP|
Ø Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture
|MODULE-11||REGIONAL STATES DURING GUPTA ERA: & DAWP|
Ø The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects. Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; local Government; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.
|MODULE-12||THEMES IN EARLY INDIAN CULTURAL HISTORY: & DAWP|
Ø Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.
|MODULE-13||EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA, 750-1200: & DAWP|
Ø Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs – The Cholas: administration, village economy and society
Ø “Indian Feudalism”
Ø Agrarian economy and urban settlements
Ø Trade and commerce
Ø Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order
Ø Condition of women
Ø Indian science and technology
|MODULE-14||CULTURAL TRADITIONS IN INDIA, 750-1200: & DAWP|
Ø Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and Brahma-Mimamsa
Ø Religion: Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India,
Ø Sufism- Literature: Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India
Ø Art and Architecture: Temple architecture, sculpture, painting
|MODULE-15||THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY:& DAWP|
Ø Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success
Ø Economic, social and cultural consequences
Ø Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans
Ø Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban
|MODULE-16||THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY:& DAWP|
Ø “The Khalji Revolution”
Ø Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures
Ø Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq
Ø Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account
|MODULE-17||SOCIETY, CULTURE AND ECONOMY IN THE THIRTEENTH AND FOURTEENTH CENTURIES:& DAWP|
Ø Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhakti movement, Sufi movement
Ø Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture
Ø Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce
|MODULE-18||THE FIFTEENTH AND EARLY SIXTEENTH CENTURY – POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND ECONOMY:& DAWP|
Ø Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids
Ø The Vijayanagra Empire
Ø Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun
Ø The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration
Ø Portuguese Colonial enterprise
Ø Bhakti and Sufi Movements
|MODULE-19||THE FIFTEENTH AND EARLY SIXTEENTH CENTURY – SOCIETY AND CULTURE: & DAWP|
Ø Regional cultural specificities
Ø Literary traditions
Ø Provincial architecture
Ø Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.
Ø Conquests and consolidation of the Empire
Ø Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems
Ø Rajput policy
Ø Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy
Ø Court patronage of art and technology
|MODULE-21||MUGHAL EMPIRE IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY: & DAWP|
Ø Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
Ø The Empire and the Zamindars
Ø Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
Ø Nature of the Mughal State
Ø Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts
Ø The Ahom Kingdom
Ø Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.
|MODULE-22||ECONOMY AND SOCIETY IN THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES: & DAWP|
Ø Population, agricultural production, craft production
Ø Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies: a trade revolution
Ø Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems
Ø Condition of peasants, condition of women
Ø Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth
|MODULE-23||CULTURE IN THE MUGHAL EMPIRE: & DAWP|
Ø Persian histories and other literature
Ø Hindi and other religious literature
Ø Mughal architecture
Ø Mughal painting
Ø Provincial architecture and painting – Classical music
Ø Science and technology
|MODULE-24||THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY: & DAWP|
Ø Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire
Ø The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh
Ø Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas
Ø The Maratha fiscal and financial system
Ø Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat:1761
Ø State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest